Doa dan Tata Cara Ziarah Kubur Menjelang Ramadhan, Menurut Ustadz Somad

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Trading is an active style of participating in the financial markets that seeks to outperform traditional buy-and-hold investing. Rather than trying to profit from long-term uptrends in the markets, traders look for short-term price moves to profit in both rising and falling markets.As a trader, one of the most important things you can do to improve your chances of success is to approach trading as a business. A successful trading business requires a strategic plan that covers your actual business and your actual trading. Your business plan will include things like short and long-term goals, the amount of capital you have available for the business and how you will set up your office. Your trading plan includes the details of trading: what you will trade and how you will trade it. Your plan should be so objective and concise that you could hand it over to another trader and they would be able to execute it exactly.It’s important to understand that your trading plan is not simply a set of rules that you think will work, a list of set-ups that you are somehow fond of, or someone else’s plan. A good trading plan is one that you have researched, tested on historical data, tested in a live market and continue to evaluate at regular intervals.Successful trading involves more than reading a few articles or books, and you should plan on devoting a substantial amount of time and effort before ever placing a trade in a live market. This can be difficult because most new traders are anxious to get in the market. While the research and time commitments may sound daunting, they're a realistic and integral part of becoming a profitable, independent trader.This tutorial serves as an introduction to help you get started trading. For more information, be sure to check out part two of our series, which covers more advanced topics including charting, leverage, risk and strategy automation. Many people who become interested in trading are first introduced to the financial markets through investing.The purpose of investing is to build wealth slowly over time, and this is typically accomplished through a buy-and-hold approach: making investments – such as in a stock, ETF or mutual fund – and allowing price to fluctuate over time. Investors “ride out” the inevitable downtrends with the expectation that prices will eventually rebound and rise over the long-term.After years or decades, the investment will, in many cases, increase in value and provide positive returns for the investor. Long-term returns can be further amplified by compounding through the reinvestment of profits and dividends. Investments are often viewed as a means of building wealth to provide stability and income during the retirement years.While investments are typically held for a period of years or even decades, traders buy and sell stocks, commodities, currency pairs and various other investment vehicles with the intention of generating returns that outperform a buy-and-hold strategy. Trading profits are viewed as income since profits are “taken off the table” on a regular basis (as opposed to investing, where positions are generally left alone for the long haul).Trading profits are achieved through buying low and selling high – and selling high and buying (to cover) low, in the case of short selling – and all trades are entered and exited within a relatively short period of time. This time period can vary from a few seconds to months or even years, depending on the trader’s style. The following chart lists the four primary trading styles - position, swing, day and scalp – with the corresponding time frames and holding periods for each.
Trading is an active style of participating in the financial markets that seeks to outperform traditional buy-and-hold investing. Rather than trying to profit from long-term uptrends in the markets, traders look for short-term price moves to profit in both rising and falling markets.As a trader, one of the most important things you can do to improve your chances of success is to approach trading as a business. A successful trading business requires a strategic plan that covers your actual business and your actual trading. Your business plan will include things like short and long-term goals, the amount of capital you have available for the business and how you will set up your office. Your trading plan includes the details of trading: what you will trade and how you will trade it. Your plan should be so objective and concise that you could hand it over to another trader and they would be able to execute it exactly.It’s important to understand that your trading plan is not simply a set of rules that you think will work, a list of set-ups that you are somehow fond of, or someone else’s plan. A good trading plan is one that you have researched, tested on historical data, tested in a live market and continue to evaluate at regular intervals.Successful trading involves more than reading a few articles or books, and you should plan on devoting a substantial amount of time and effort before ever placing a trade in a live market. This can be difficult because most new traders are anxious to get in the market. While the research and time commitments may sound daunting, they're a realistic and integral part of becoming a profitable, independent trader.This tutorial serves as an introduction to help you get started trading. For more information, be sure to check out part two of our series, which covers more advanced topics including charting, leverage, risk and strategy automation. Many people who become interested in trading are first introduced to the financial markets through investing.The purpose of investing is to build wealth slowly over time, and this is typically accomplished through a buy-and-hold approach: making investments – such as in a stock, ETF or mutual fund – and allowing price to fluctuate over time. Investors “ride out” the inevitable downtrends with the expectation that prices will eventually rebound and rise over the long-term.After years or decades, the investment will, in many cases, increase in value and provide positive returns for the investor. Long-term returns can be further amplified by compounding through the reinvestment of profits and dividends. Investments are often viewed as a means of building wealth to provide stability and income during the retirement years.While investments are typically held for a period of years or even decades, traders buy and sell stocks, commodities, currency pairs and various other investment vehicles with the intention of generating returns that outperform a buy-and-hold strategy. Trading profits are viewed as income since profits are “taken off the table” on a regular basis (as opposed to investing, where positions are generally left alone for the long haul).Trading profits are achieved through buying low and selling high – and selling high and buying (to cover) low, in the case of short selling – and all trades are entered and exited within a relatively short period of time. This time period can vary from a few seconds to months or even years, depending on the trader’s style. The following chart lists the four primary trading styles - position, swing, day and scalp – with the corresponding time frames and holding periods for each.
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Berziarah kubur harus memenuhi adab-adab berikut ini

Sebuah tradisi bila menjelang ramadhan masyarakat di Indonesia berziarah ke makam keluarga atau kerabat, hukum berziarah menjelang ramadhan dijelaskan oleh Ustadz Abdul Somad itu seperti ini, harus memenuhi adab dan tata cara yang baik saat mendoakan mayit.

Menjelang bulan puasa, biasanya sebagian umat Islam di Indonesia berziarah ke kubur keluarga mereka yang telah meninggal dunia.

Tradisi ini sudah berlangsung lama. Lantas, bagaimanakah hukumnya berziarah kubur menjelang Ramadhan atau bulan puasa?

Ziarah kubur adalah salah satu aktivitas yang banyak di lakukan oleh kebanyakan umat muslim terutama bagi warga Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) sebagai penganut paham Ahlussunnah wal jamaah (Aswaja).

Menurut Ustad Abdul Somad, Nabi Muhammad pernah melarang umatnya berziarah kubur, namun sekarang sudah dibolehkan.

Terkait waktunya, bisa kapan saja, tak harus menjelang bulan puasa.

“Kapan saja boleh. Mau menjelang puasa, sedang bulan puasa atau setelah bualan puasa, bebas saja. Lalu mengapa orang-orang kita sering berziarah kubur menjelang bulan puasa? Mungkin saja karena dia baru bisa libur pas mau puasa atau saat sedang bulan puasa. Bisa juga karena hatinya sedang lapang, ingin mengingat Allah maka pergilah di ke kubur, mau mengingat mati,” jelasnya.

Katanya, hal ini ada di kitab karangan seorang syekh tentang ziarah kubur.

Lalu ada lagi pertanyaan, apakah berziarah kubur menjelang bulan puasa pernah dilakukan Nabi Muhammad?

Jawabnya, tidak semua perbuatan yang tidak dilakukan Nabi Muhammad lantas tak bisa pula kita lakukan.

Contoh, membaca ayat Kursi di empat sudut rumah ketika memasuki rumah.

Nabi Muhammad tak pernah melakukan ini, namun dilakukan oleh salah satu sahabat Nabi Muhammad, yaitu Abdurrahman bin Auf.

“Abdurrahman bin Auf ketika pulang ke rumahnya malam hari, diucapkannya ayat Kursi di empat sudut rumahnya, kanan, kiri dan dua di belakang,” katanya.

Artinya, jika kita ingin juga melakukan ini untuk perlindungan dari kejahatan setan boleh saja walaupun tak pernah dilakukan Nabi Muhammad.

“Sebab hadis itu ada empat jenis, yaitu berdasarkan perkataan, sifat, ketetapan dan perbuatan Nabi Muhammad,” katanya.

Tata Cara Ziarah kubur bukan sekedar mendoakan mayit, namun sebagai sarana meningkatkan keimanan dan mengingat kematian bagi si penziarah

 “sekarang berziarahlah ke kuburan karena sesungguhnya di dalam ziarah itu terdapat pelajaran yang besar. Dalam riwayat sahabat Anas bin Malik :karena dapat melembutkan hati, melinangkan air mata dan dapat mengingatkan kepada hari akhir.” (H.R Ahmad 3/37-38)

Berikut ini hukum ziarah kubur menjelang ramadhan menurut Ustadz Somad :

Pengertian tentang Ziarah Kubur dalam Ajaran Islam sendiri mempunyai artian sebagai salah satu ibadah dalam Islam yg dapat dan boleh dilakukan oleh setiap Muslim dengan cara mendatangi atau berkunjung ke Kuburan dan mendoakan Orang Tua, Saudara, Anak, Kerabat, Teman dan Para Ulama

Secara asal harafiahnya ziarah kubur merupakan artian dari melakukan kunjungan kubur & keutamaan ziarah kubur yang dilakukan oleh umat islam yang tetap hidup yang mutlak ialah untuk mendoakan kebaikan bagi si pakar kubur.

Kata-kata ziarah menurut arti bahasanya adalah menengok. Ziarah kubur artinya menengok kubur.

Ziarah ke makam orang tua artinya menengok kemakam orang tua, ziarah ke makam wali songo artinya menengok ke makam wali songo, ziarah ke makam pahlawan artinya menengok ke makam pahlawan.

Akan kita bahas saat ini bagaimana cara yang benar saat kita ziarah kubur, baik itu kuburan wali, orang sholeh bahkan ziarah kubur orang terdekat kita. sebab bisa jadi bagi kita yang tidak tahu tentang cara ziarah yang benar, malah akan menjerumuskan kita kepada kesyirikan.

Adab ziarah kubur

Agar berbuah pahala, maka ziarah kubur harus sesuai dengan tuntunan syari’at yang mulia ini. Berikut ini adab-adab ziarah kubur sesuai syariat:

1. Hendaknya mengingat tujuan utama berziarah

Ingatlah selalu hikmah disyari’atkannya ziarah kubur, yakni untuk mengambil pelajaran dan mengingat kematian.

Imam Ash Shan’ani rahimahullah berkata: “Semua hadits yang menunjukkan disyari’atkannya ziarah kubur dan menjelaskan hikmah dari ziarah kubur, yakni untuk mengambil pelajaran seperti di dalam hadits Ibnu Mas’ud (yang artinya): “Karena di dalam ziarah terdapat pelajaran dan peringatan terhadap akhirat dan membuat zuhud terhadap dunia”. Jika tujuan ini tidak tercapai, maka ziarah tersebut bukanlah ziarah yang diinginkan secara syari’at,” (Lihat Subulus Salaam (1/502), Maktabah Syamilah).

2. Tidak boleh melakukan safar untuk berziarah

Hal ini berdasarkan sabda Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, “Janganlah melakukan perjalanan jauh (dalam rangka ibadah, ed) kecuali ke tiga masjid : Masjidil Haram, Masjid Rasul shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam (Masjid Nabawi), dan Masjidil Aqsha,” (Muttafaqun ‘alaihi dari shahabat Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu).

3. Mengucapkan salam ketika masuk kompleks pekuburan

“Dari Buraidah radhiyallahu ‘anhu, dahulu Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam mengajarkan mereka (para shahabat) jika mereka keluar menuju pekuburan agar mengucapkan : “Salam keselamatan atas penghuni rumah-rumah (kuburan) dan kaum mu’minin dan muslimin, mudah-mudahan Allah merahmati orang-orang yang terdahulu dari kita dan orang-orang yang belakangan, dan kami Insya Allah akan menyusul kalian, kami memohon kepada Allah keselamatan bagi kami dan bagi kalian,” (HR. Muslim no. 974).

4. Tidak memakai sandal ketika memasuki pekuburan

Dari shahabat Basyir bin Khashashiyah radhiyallahu ‘anhu : “Ketika Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam sedang berjalan, tiba-tiba beliau melihat seseorang sedang berjalan diantara kuburan dengan memakai sandal. Lalu Rasulullah bersabda,

“Wahai pemakai sandal, celakalah engkau! Lepaskan sandalmu!” Lalu orang tersebut melihat (orang yang meneriakinya). Tatkala ia mengenali (kalau orang itu adalah) Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, ia melepas kedua sandalnya dan melemparnya,” (HR. Abu Dawud (2/72), An Nasa’I (1/288), Ibnu Majah (1/474), Ahmad (5/83), dan selainnya. Al Hakim berkata : “Sanadnya shahih”. Hal ini disetujui oleh Adz Dzahabi dan juga Al Hafizh di Fathul Baari (3/160). Lihat Ahkaamul Janaa-iz hal. 173, Maktabah Al Ma’arif).